A chronic condition / illness are a persistent health condition or human illness. The chronic term usually applies when the course of the disease lasts more than three months, common chronic diseases may include arthritis, asthma, cancer, COPD, diabetes and HIV / AIDS.
Chronic diseases what are they? How to prevent them?
In medicine, the opposite of chronic is acute. A chronic course is also distinguished from a recurrent course in which recurrent diseases recur relapses, with periods of remission in the middle.
Non communicable diseases are also medical conditions that are usually lengthened, but are separated by non-infectious causes. In contrast, some chronic diseases, such as HIV / AIDS, are caused by communicable infections.
Chronic diseases are a major cause of mortality and the World Health Organization (WHO) reports chronic non communicable conditions are by far the leading cause of death in the world, accounting for 35 million deaths in 2005 and more than 60% of all deaths. Chronic diseases cause 70% of deaths in the US, and in 2002 chronic diseases (heart disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease and kidney diseases) were 6 of The top ten causes of mortality in the general population of the US, 90% of older people have at least one chronic illness, and 77% have two or more chronic diseases. For most people,
While the risk varies with age and gender, most common chronic diseases are caused by diet, lifestyle and metabolic risk factors, which are also responsible for the resulting mortality. Therefore, these conditions can be prevented by behavioral changes, such as quitting smoking, adopting a healthy diet and increasing physical activity. Social determinants are important risk factors for chronic diseases. Social factors, such as socioeconomic status, educational level and race / ethnicity, are also a major cause of observed disparities in chronic disease care.
A growing trend supports that prevention is effective in reducing the effect of chronic diseases, in particular the results of early detection in less severe outcomes. Clinical preventive services include detection of the existence of the disease or predisposition to its development, counseling and vaccines against infectious agents. Despite its effectiveness, the use of prevention services is often lower than that of regular medical services. In contrast to their apparent cost in time and money, the benefits of prevention services are not directly perceived by the patient because their effects are long term.
Therefore, the public health programs are important in educating the public and promoting healthy lifestyles, as well as awareness of chronic diseases. While these programs may benefit from funding at the different levels (state, regional, private), their implementation is primarily carried out by local and community-based organizations
Studies have shown that public health programs are effective in reducing mortality rates associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer, but the results are somewhat heterogeneous depending on the type of condition and type of Programs involved.